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The Peloponnese (aka Moreas or Morias) is the largest peninsula of Greece, and one of nine geographically the apartments. Located in the south of the country's continental part and is connected to mainland Greece by a narrow strip of land, the Isthmus of Corinth, which in 1893 built the eponymous canal, turning it virtually an island. Furthermore, since 2004 the Rio-Antirio Bridge connects the Peloponnese with mainland Greece and the rest of the mainland. The Peloponnese is divided administratively into seven provinces (Achaia, Ilia, Messinia, Arkadia, Lakonia, Argolida and Corinthia, with a small part to falls in Attica) and since 1986 in two regions, the Western Greece and the Peloponnese region (and a small portion respectively, in Attica). It has an area of 21 439 sq. km. and a population of 1,086,935 inhabitants. It is a historical cradle of Hellenism and inhabited since prehistoric times. In this developed the Mycenaean civilization and inhabited by all three major Greek tribes (Achaeans, Ionians and Dorians), while in the Peloponnese were some of the greatest Greek city-states, such as Sparta, iKorinthos and Argos. It was the theater of most wars that took place in the Greek area with top examples of the Peloponnesian Polemokai the Greek Revolution and experienced various conquerors like the Romans, Franks, Ottomans, etc. Largest city in the Peloponnese is Patras second largest city of Kalamata.



The Corinth Canal separates the Peloponnese from mainland Greece.

Landscape of Arcadia.

It is bordered and surrounded by the following:

A .: Aegean Sea (Myrtoo Sea, Argolic Gulf, Saronic Gulf), D .: Ionian Sea, B .: Corinthian Gulf and Gulf of Patras N .: Mediterranean Sea

The Corinth Canal

The main bays in the Peloponnese are: the Argolic Gulf to the east, the Laconian and Messinian south, the Kyparissia in the west and north of Corinth. Smaller bays are the Gulf of Patras and the Gulf of Gastouni.


The most important capes are Maleas Cape (Cape Mali) in the southeast, the Tenaro Cape (southernmost point) to the south, Akritas in the southwest, the Skylaio peninsula of Argolida, Rio near Patra, the Araxos, Drepano (northernmost point) Kyllini NW., and Katakolo in the west.


Larger peninsulas is the Argolid and Epidaurus in the east of Epidaurus-Limiras southeast of Mani in the south and southwest Pylia. Very nice looks and the peninsula of Methana (Methana) - the only active volcano in the Peloponnese.

The territory is mountainous Peloponnese, for the most part, especially in the center where surplus plateaus. Instead, there are close to shore, the Great Plains, as Ilia, Messinia, Argos, Achaia, the Trifylias and Corinthia.


The mountains of the Peloponnese is part of the mountainous areas of Greece, occupying the entire central part of the Peloponnese and the major parts of the eastern and western parts.


The northernmost mountain of the Peloponnese is Panachaikon (or Vodias 1.926 m.) Located in the SE of Patras. South of Panachaicon Erymanthos rises the mountain (or Olonos, 2.224 m.). South of Erymanthou rises the offshoot of the Astras mountain (or Asterion or Lampia, 1.797 m.), West of the Skollis mountain (or Santameri, 966 m.) And BE the Fragovouni mountains (1.946 m.), Height (or Klinitsa 1.543 m.), Afrodisio (1.456 m.), and Medara (1.327 m.). South of Erymanthou and Astra is the Foloi mountain (798 m.) And to the south following the valley of the river Alpheus rise the Minthi mountains (1,327 m.), Lykaio (1.419 m.) And Tetrazio (or Tetragio 1,388 m.) . ND Tetrazion are mountains of Kiparissia (1,224 m.) And A. Ithomi of the mountain (or Vulcano 798 m.). South of Kyparissia mountains is the southernmost mountain of the Western Peloponnese Lykodimou (or Matthew 959 m.).


The northern mountains of eastern Peloponnese and Eastern Sierra are Aroania (or Helmos 2,341 m.) To the west, and Killini (Ziria or 2,376 m.) To the east. South of Aroania Penteleia rise the mountains (or Tourtovana 2.112 m.) And Mainalo (or Aydin or Prophet Elias Levidiou 1,981 m.). In the south of Kyllini and east of these mountains rise in number of B. To N. The argolidoarkadika Oligyrtos mountains (or Skipeza 1.935 m.), Lirkio (or Goupato or Lyreisio, 1.756 m.), Rugged (1,616 m.), The Malevos (1,772 m.), Ktenas (1.599 m.) and Parthenio (or Poino, 1,215 m.). South Mainalon after the plateau Asea lies the mountain range of Parnon (1,936 m.) Which ends at Cape Ierax Parnon .Notiotera extends the massif of barley at a higher altitude (793m.) Which ends at Cape Maleas. South and west of Megalopolis Parnon extends the tallest mountain in Peloponnese Taygetos (2.407 m.) And ends at Cape Tenaro.

NE Peloponnese extend the Trapezona mountains (1.139 m.), Angelokastro (1,080 m.), Arachnaio (1.119 m.). South of the mountains are Arachnaio Gemini (1.113 m.) And Aderes (or Dariza 721 m.).

Among Kyllini, of Aroania Terms and the Corinthian Gulf are mountains Fern (or Klokos 1.779 m.), Chelidorea (1,757 m.), Evrostini (1,208 m.), Pitsadeiko (1,176 m.), Virgin (732 m.) . To the north of Trapezonas mountains are mountains Fokas (or Apessos 873 m.), Shadow (703 m.), The Acrocorinth (578 m.) And asinine Mountains (599 m.).


Satellite image of the Peloponnese

The main plains of the Peloponnese located in the western part of the apartment. It is the valley of Achaia and plain Manolada. The two together are the plain of Ilia. To the west of the Kyparissia mountains lies the narrow coastal plain of Kyparissia-Gargaliani. Finally in the Southwest part of the Peloponnese lies the plain of Messinia. In eastern Peloponnese present in B. Of the Argolic plain, which stretches to the valley of Kranidi and south of the plain of Helos, which for B. Continues with the Eurotas valley and to the south. The coastal plains Asopos and Neapolis Vion. To the north of the Peloponnese is a narrow coastal plain, which bring various local names, such as plain of Vocha, Egio Sikyonio Field etc.


Apart from the plains there are remarkable plateaus. These are the basins of Mantinea, Tegea and Asea. Both together are called Plateau of Tripoli. West of this plateau lies the plateau of Megalopolis. Also among Aroania and Kyllini there are small plateau of Feneos and Stimfalia.


The islands belong to the Peloponnese apartment are: First, Sfaktiria Sapienza, Ayia Mariani, sliver and Venetian located between Cape Fennel and Akritas.

In Laconic Gulf there Elafonisos. Even the Argolic bay there are islands Romvi, Tall and square. Other nearby islands: Kythira, the largest in area and Antikythera, in the southeast, the Strofades beach Filiatra, and the islands of the Saronic Gulf Spetses, Hydra, Poros and Aegina Methana peninsula.

Rivers and waters 

The main rivers of the Peloponnese are: The Alpheus is the largest river in the Peloponnese. It springs from the plateaus Asea and Megalopolis, receives water from tributaries and flows into the Gulf of Kyparissia. The Eurotas that springs from the plateau of Megalopolis, receives the waters of the Taygetos and Parnon and flows into the Gulf of Laconia .The Glaucus, which stems from Panachaiko and poured N. Of Patras. Penaeus Ilia, who comes from the mountains and Erymanthos Lampia and flows into the Gulf of Kyllini. Neda, the only river in Greece with a female name, flows into the Gulf of Kyparissia. It stems from the Minthi mountains Lykaio and Tetrazio. The Nedon emanating from Taygetos and poured the Messinian Gulf. The Velika springing from the mountains of Kyparissia and poured the Messinian Gulf. . The Tanos rivers, Headboard and Inachos emanating from Lirkio Rugged mountains and flows into the Gulf of Argolis .Ektos river there are several streams like Sythos the Dervenios, the Cray, the VOURAIKOS, oKerynitis, Asopos, the Selinountas, Gouras, Phoenix. Of the torrents Asopos and Selinountas considered remarkable rivers lakes there are in the Peloponnese. Existing lakes today is Taka, iStymfalia, artificial Ladon created by the construction of hydroelectric plants and lake Doxa an artificial lake at an altitude of 900 metron.Stis coast of Elis mainly there are several lagoons and generally in this area of the sea waters it is very shallow. The main lagoons of the Peloponnese is Agoulinitsa, Mouria, Caiaphas, and Kotychi Inside the Peloponnese, the mountainous complexes form two large basins of Tripolis and Megalopolis.

major Cities


Patras has a population of 214 580 inhabitants,

Kalamata with a population of 54.100 inhabitants,

Tripoli has a population of 47.457 inhabitants,

Corinth with a population of 41.176 inhabitants,

Tower with a population of 34.902 inhabitants,

Argos has a population of 28.209 inhabitants,

Aigio with a population of 20.422 inhabitants,

Amaliada with a population of 18.261 inhabitants,

Sparta with a population of 16.239 inhabitants,

Nafplion with a population of 14.203 inhabitants.



 The Peloponnese climate varies depending on the area and the altitude. It is soft and warm on the coast and cold (but healthy) inside. Generally the Peloponnese region is privileged, as regards climate, because it has the typical Mediterranean type of climate. The temperature there is higher in areas of Patras, Kalamata, Pyrgos and also in the region of Argos and decreases in the mountains, eg in the Tripoli area

The Peloponnese is the "hidden island" of Greece.

It is connected with the rest of Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth and the bridge Rio-Antiriou and it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. It consists of seven prefectures, each with its own history and unique beauty.

In Argolis (Argolida) you can experience the magic of one of the best ancient theaters in the world, the theater of Epidaurus. Furthermore you can visit the place where the Atreides lived and walk along the magical streets of Nafplio!

In Corinth you will get overwhelmed by the picturesque villages of Trikala, which is one of the best winter destinations.

In Achaia you will get to know the people of Patra who organize one of the best carnivals of the world. You will be able to relax when visiting the Great Cave and to have fun when going to Kalavrita passing by the village Diakopto with the famous train Odontotos!

In Arcadia you can visit the village of Kolokotronis, the beauties of Menalo and the beautiful beaches of Astros, Leonidio and Tyros!

In Ilia you can visit the birthplace of the Olympic Games, you will wander in the village Andritsena and walk along the waterfalls of Neda!

In Lakonia you will encounter the beauty of Mani and Monemvasia, the unique beaches of Elafonisos and the famous castle of Mystras!

In Messinia you should visit the famous beaches Voïdokilia and Stoupa, but also Polylimnio with its waterfalls and the castles of Methoni and Koroni!

On the island Spetses you can experience the Burning of the 'Armata'!

On the island Hydra you will enjoy unforgettable moments during Eastertime!

On the island Poros you will have the opportunity to relax! But the journey doesn't end here, because ...


the Peloponnese is the best destination.